Author : Stephen Kershnar
Publisher : University Press of America
ISBN 13 : 9780761821533
Total Pages : 220 pages
Book Rating : 4.2/5 (153 download)
Locked In Torture
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Download or read book Desert, Retribution, and Torture written by Stephen Kershnar and published by University Press of America. This book was released on 2001 with total page 220 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In general, there are two ways in which punishment is justified. Forward-looking justifications look to the good results that punishment brings about and that therefore occur after it. These results include the wrongdoer being deterred, incapacitated, or improved, as well as the deterrence of would-be wrongdoers, a decrease in costs associated with crime prevention, less fear in the community, and the promotion of hatred and disgust for actions that victimize others. In contrast, backward-looking justifications look to events that occurred before the punishment. On this approach, punishment is not justified via the good results that it brings about. The dominant backward-looking justification is retributivism. According to it, the wrongdoer in virtue of his past act deserves punishment and this desert justifies punishment. This book is an in-depth defense of retributivism. Since punitive desert lies at the heart of retributivism, it is important to provide an analysis of it. This is the focus of the first part of the book. I argue that punitive desert has to do with punishment being an intrinsically valuable event, where its value results from its standing in a certain relation to a person's having culpably performed a wrongdoing. I argue that this type of desert does not by itself contain moral duties to act in any way. In particular, it does not impose on someone the duty to punish a wrongdoer. This results in retributivism being more complex than the traditional accounts, since it must therefore involve duties that refer to but are not constituted by punitive desert. I also argue that punitive desert is independent of the wrongdoer's moral character and instead rests solely on a person's acts. Lastly, I argue that the value of punitive desert cannot be accounted for via more fundamental moral considerations. This results in punitive desert being a rather primitive moral notion in that it is not justified via more fundamental moral values. Like other intrinsically good things, e.g. friendship, and other intrinsically bad things, e.g. promise-breaking, punitive desert can be used to explain why certain states of affairs are both good and right.--Adapted from introduction.
Download or read book Torture written by Manfred Nowak and published by University of Pennsylvania Press. This book was released on 2018-04-20 with total page 208 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: In Torture, former United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture Manfred Nowak recounts his experience visiting countries, reviewing documents, collecting evidence, and conducting interviews with perpetrators, witnesses, and victims of torture. His story offers vital insights for human-rights scholars and professionals.
Download or read book Yearbook of the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment/Annuaire de la convention européenne pour la prévention de la torture et des peines ou traitements inhumains ou dégradants written by Council of Europe/Conseil de l'Europe and published by BRILL. This book was released on 2016-12-01 with total page 1806 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment was adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe in June 1987. It entered into force in February 1989 and all 47 member States are Parties to the Convention. The Convention has already established itself as an important human rights instrument. Its approach is quite different from that of the European Convention on Human Rights. Whereas the ECHR provides a remedy for particular human rights violations after the event, the Convention for the Prevention of Torture (ECPT) seeks to prevent human rights violations, through a system of visits to places of detention. The Convention is intended to be an integrated part of the Council of Europe system for the protection of human rights, placing a proactive non-judicial mechanism alongside the reactive judicial mechanism established under the ECHR. The Yearbook of the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture offers an essential annual overview of developments in relation to the ECPT. Part One contains information on ratifications and other such issues in the authentic English and French texts. Part Two has details in English and French of the membership and activities of the Convention. Part Three reprints the twentieth annual General Report of the ECPT in the official English and French texts. Part Four contains the ECPT's reports to States and the State responses thereto that were made public during the year in question. The ECPT's reports are published in the official English and/or French texts and State responses in the English and/or French versions submitted by the States concerned. Bilingual English and French; two-volume set.
Download or read book Locked Up Without Evidence written by Tejshree Thapa and published by . This book was released on 2018 with total page 46 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Methodology -- I. Armed conflict and the Prevention of Terrorism Act -- II. Abuses under the PTA -- Recommendations -- Acknowledgments.
Download or read book The Torture Letters written by Laurence Ralph and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 2020-01-15 with total page 267 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Torture is an open secret in Chicago. Nobody in power wants to acknowledge this grim reality, but everyone knows it happens—and that the torturers are the police. Three to five new claims are submitted to the Torture Inquiry and Relief Commission of Illinois each week. Four hundred cases are currently pending investigation. Between 1972 and 1991, at least 125 black suspects were tortured by Chicago police officers working under former Police Commander Jon Burge. As the more recent revelations from the Homan Square “black site” show, that brutal period is far from a historical anomaly. For more than fifty years, police officers who took an oath to protect and serve have instead beaten, electrocuted, suffocated, and raped hundreds—perhaps thousands—of Chicago residents. In The Torture Letters, Laurence Ralph chronicles the history of torture in Chicago, the burgeoning activist movement against police violence, and the American public’s complicity in perpetuating torture at home and abroad. Engaging with a long tradition of epistolary meditations on racism in the United States, from James Baldwin’s The Fire Next Time to Ta-Nehisi Coates’s Between the World and Me, Ralph offers in this book a collection of open letters written to protesters, victims, students, and others. Through these moving, questing, enraged letters, Ralph bears witness to police violence that began in Burge’s Area Two and follows the city’s networks of torture to the global War on Terror. From Vietnam to Geneva to Guantanamo Bay—Ralph’s story extends as far as the legacy of American imperialism. Combining insights from fourteen years of research on torture with testimonies of victims of police violence, retired officers, lawyers, and protesters, this is a powerful indictment of police violence and a fierce challenge to all Americans to demand an end to the systems that support it. With compassion and careful skill, Ralph uncovers the tangled connections among law enforcement, the political machine, and the courts in Chicago, amplifying the voices of torture victims who are still with us—and lending a voice to those long deceased.
Download or read book Torture written by Sanford Levinson and published by Oxford University Press. This book was released on 2006 with total page 326 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This collection of essays will address some of the most controversial issues surrounding torture: how it is used by governments, legal definitions of torture, the theological implications of torturing, torture in declared states of emergency and why it should be prohibited.
Download or read book Pulitzer Prize Foreign Coverage of the Washington Post written by Heinz-Dietrich Fischer and published by LIT Verlag. This book was released on 2022-12-15 with total page 244 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: This volume starts with historical phases of the 'Washington Post', written by the late Katherine Graham, former publisher of the newspaper, based on her Pulitzer Prize-winning autobiographical work. The introduction is followed by foreign-related Pulitzer articles and cartoons from Italy's war against Ethiopia in 1935 until the final stages of America's Iraq war in 2010. Heinz-Dietrich Fischer, EdD, PhD, is Professor Emeritus at the Ruhr-University of Bochum, Germany.
Download or read book Torture and Impunity written by Alfred W. McCoy and published by University of Wisconsin Pres. This book was released on 2012-08-24 with total page 298 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Many Americans have condemned the “enhanced interrogation” techniques used in the War on Terror as a transgression of human rights. But the United States has done almost nothing to prosecute past abuses or prevent future violations. Tracing this knotty contradiction from the 1950s to the present, historian Alfred W. McCoy probes the political and cultural dynamics that have made impunity for torture a bipartisan policy of the U.S. government. During the Cold War, McCoy argues, the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency covertly funded psychological experiments designed to weaken a subject’s resistance to interrogation. After the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the CIA revived these harsh methods, while U.S. media was flooded with seductive images that normalized torture for many Americans. Ten years later, the U.S. had failed to punish the perpetrators or the powerful who commanded them, and continued to exploit intelligence extracted under torture by surrogates from Somalia to Afghanistan. Although Washington has publicly distanced itself from torture, disturbing images from the prisons at Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo are seared into human memory, doing lasting damage to America’s moral authority as a world leader.
Download or read book Dictionary of Torture written by Nigette M. Spikes and published by Abbott Press. This book was released on 2015-01-07 with total page 163 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: From ancient times to today, there is no question that torture has been an integral part of human history. From the world's first documented society of Mesopotamia to the present day; from the famous to the most obscure; and from the Far East to the West and every society in between, the Dictionary of Torture shares fascinating facts on how torture and execution methods have been used throughout history. Nigette Spikes, a researcher and torture historian, relies on years of research to share a compilation of torture methods from around the world. Whether it was to punish criminals in Abu Gharib, extract confessions from accused witches of Salem, or for the sadistic pleasures of Vlad the Impaler, every alphabetical entry graphically describes a torture and its origins. From the fearsome breast ripper, the terrifying spiked collar, the pear of anguish, and the Judas cradle, Spikes reveals what went on in the dungeon of a medieval castle, how Inquisitioners extracted confessions from "sinners," and what kind of tortures are still used today. Dictionary of Torture is a one-of-a-kind collection of torture facts that reveal detailed descriptions of methods and explore world history from the first documented society several millennia ago to present day.
Download or read book Tortured Subjects written by Lisa Silverman and published by University of Chicago Press. This book was released on 2001-05-15 with total page 288 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: At one time in Europe, there was a point to pain: physical suffering could be a path to redemption. This religious notion suggested that truth was lodged in the body and could be achieved through torture. In Tortured Subjects, Lisa Silverman tells the haunting story of how this idea became a fixed part of the French legal system during the early modern period. Looking closely at the theory and practice of judicial torture in France from 1600 to 1788, the year in which it was formally abolished, Silverman revisits dossiers compiled in criminal cases, including transcripts of interrogations conducted under torture, as well as the writings of physicians and surgeons concerned with the problem of pain, records of religious confraternities, diaries and letters of witnesses to public executions, and the writings of torture's abolitionists and apologists. She contends that torture was at the center of an epistemological crisis that forced French jurists and intellectuals to reconsider the relationship between coercion and sincerity, or between free will and evidence. As the philosophical consensus on which torture rested broke down, and definitions of truth and pain shifted, so too did the foundation of torture, until by the eighteenth century, it became an indefensible practice.
Download or read book Philosophical Perspectives on Punishment, Second Edition written by Gertrude Ezorsky and published by SUNY Press. This book was released on 2015-11-20 with total page 466 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Historical and contemporary philosophical writings on punishment. Bringing together classic and contemporary texts, this collection considers general philosophical concepts about and justifications for punishment, along with particular issues such as the death penalty and possible alternatives to punishment. New to the second edition are sections on prison labor, solitary confinement, and issues relating to the punishment of people of color, women, and the poor. Drawing from philosophy, law, literature, and activism, Gertrude Ezorsky provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the philosophical issues underlying and growing out of punishment.
Download or read book A Post-Neoliberal Era in Latin America? written by Nehring, Daniel and published by Policy Press. This book was released on 2019-02-27 with total page 281 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Ongoing conflicts between neoliberal and post-neoliberal politics have resulted in growing social instability in Latin America. This book explores the cultural dynamics of neoliberalism and anti-neoliberal resistance in Latin America as a complex set of interrelated cultural forms, examining the ways in which neoliberalism has transformed public discourses of self and social relationships, popular cultures and modes of everyday experience. Contributors from an international range of different disciplinary perspectives look at how Latin Americans construct subjectivities, build communities and make meaning in their everyday lives in order to analyse the discourses and cultural practices through which a societal consensus for the pursuit of neoliberal politics may be established, defended and contested.
Download or read book The Lock and Key Library; Classic Mystery and Detective Stories: Old Time English written by Julian Hawthorne and published by BoD – Books on Demand. This book was released on 2023-08-30 with total page 514 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Reproduction of the original. The publishing house Megali specialises in reproducing historical works in large print to make reading easier for people with impaired vision.
Download or read book Inquisition and Medieval Society written by James Buchanan Given and published by Cornell University Press. This book was released on 2001 with total page 276 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: The author analyses the inquisition in one French region in order to develop a sociology of medieval politics. In Languedoc the inquisitors aggressively used the developing techniques of writing & record keeping to build cases & extract confessions.
Download or read book Capital Punishment written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Criminal Justice and published by . This book was released on 1987 with total page 544 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Download or read book Never Trust a Realist written by Ted Rall and published by Creators Publishing. This book was released on 2016-07-15 with total page pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt:
Download or read book Letters to My Torturer written by Houshang Asadi and published by Simon and Schuster. This book was released on 2010-06-01 with total page 320 pages. Available in PDF, EPUB and Kindle. Book excerpt: Meet Brother Hamid. He knows how to get answers. “A searing and unforgettable account” (Publishers Weekly) comes to mass-market paperback Houshang Asadi’s Letters to My Torturer is one of the most harrowing accounts of human suffering to emerge from Iran and is now available for the first time in paperback. Kept in solitary confinement for over two years in an infamous Tehran prison, Asadi suffered inhuman degradations and brutal torture: suspended from the ceiling, beaten, and forced to bark like a dog, Asadi became a spy for the Russians, for the British – for anyone. Narrowly escaping execution as the government unleashed a bloody pogrom against political prisoners, Asadi was hauled before a sham court and sentenced to fifteen years. Here he confronts his torturer, speaking for those who will never be heard, and provides a glimpse into the heart of Iran and the practice of state-sponsored justice.